Black (Black Family)
Entire coat, including muzzle, flanks and legs, are black; color may fade when exposed to the sun; could have rusty tinge during certain times of the year; early foals may be an overall mousy gray, then shed to black
Brown (Black Family)
Body colour brown or black, with light areas at muzzle, eyes, flank and inside upper legs; mane and tail usually black
Bay (Black Family)
Body colour reddish brown, with variations ranging from dark blood bay to light bay and usually distinguished by black mane and tail, ear tips, lower legs.
Bay-Roan (Black Family)
The overall intermingling of white hairs with bay body colour; head, lower legs, mane and tail are usually solid or darker; does not get progressively whiter with age.
Blue-Roan (Black Family)
The overall intermingling of white hairs with a black body colour, head, lower legs, mane and tail are usually solid or darker; does not get progressively whiter with age.
Dun (Black Family)
Diluted body colour of yellowish or gold; mane and tail are black or brown; has dorsal stripe and usually zebra stripes on legs and transverse stripe over withers.
Gray (Black Family)
Dominant over all other colour genes; born any colour with white hair progressively turning the coat whiter as the horse ages; dark skin; normally grays first around eyes and behind ears.
Grullo (Black Family)
A form of dun with body colour smoky or mouse-coloured (not a mixture of black and white hairs, but each hair mouse-coloured); mane and tail black; has black primitive markings.
Perlino (Black Family)
Double dilute of bay/brown resulting in body colour of cream or off-white, lower legs, mane and tail light rust or chocolate shade; skin is pinkish or gray; eyes are blue or amber; the coat has enough yellow hue to allow white markings to be visible.
Buckskin (Black Family)
Body colour yellowish or gold, mane and tail black; black on lower legs; lacks primitive markings.
Chestnut (Red Family)
Body colour dark red or brownish red; range from very light to liver chestnut; liver chestnut can be distinguished from black or brown only by the bronze or copper highlights on the legs; mane and tail usually dark red or brownish red, but may be flaxen
Cremello (Red Family)
Double dilute of chestnut/sorrel resulting in body colour, mane and tail of cream or off-white with pale pinkish skin; the coat has enough yellow hue to allow white markings to be visible; eyes are blue or amber.
Palomino (Red Family)
Diluted body cooler varying from rich gold to pale yellow; mane and tail generally pale or off-white but may be same colour as body (with nonblack points).
Red-Dun (Red Family)
A form of dun with body colour yellowish or flesh-coloured; mane and tail are red or reddish; has red or reddish primitive markings.
Red-Roan (Red Family)
The overall intermingling of white hairs with chestnut/sorrel body colour; head, lower legs, make and tail are usually sorrel or dark red; does not get progressively whiter with age.
Sorrel (Red Family)
Body colour reddish or copper-red; mane and tail usually same colour as body, but may be flaxen or very dark.
Courtesy of APHA